Strong Female Characters

Strong Female Characters: Katniss Everdeen

For those of you that don’t know, Katniss Everdeen is the protagonist of Suzanne Collins’ Hunger Games series. Set in a dystopian future, the books deal with Katniss’s involvement in a series of tournaments where children are forced to fight to the death and nobody really objects to it until the last book. Phenomenally successful, the books have been made into a series of films, and crucially, Katniss has been hailed as a role model for young girls everywhere.

But does she live up to the hype? Let’s find out – but watch out for spoilers!


  1. Does the character shape her own destiny? Does she actively try to change her situation and if not, why not?

This question is actually a lot harder to answer than I thought it would be. In the first book, she takes her sister’s place in the Hunger Games, but she is constantly being controlled by the Game-makers. This carries over into the second and third books, where she is being manipulated by both the Capitol and the leaders of District 13. Katniss makes very few decisions that she can really call her own; for the majority of the series, she has been manipulated into making decisions that other characters want her to make.

However, I’m prepared to give her a pass on this one. Given that she’s living in a dystopian state, there’s no way she could challenge the Capitol on her own without getting shot, and for most of the books she’s aware that she is being manipulated, and goes along with it to protect the people she cares about.



  1. Does she have her own goals, beliefs and hobbies? Did she come up with them on her own?

Katniss doesn’t have many outside interests. Sure, she spends a lot of her time hunting, fishing and setting traps, but if she doesn’t do that the people she cares about will literally starve. Her lack of interests is really noticeable when she is forced to showcase a hobby to the Capitol: she fakes it rather than try and find something she’s genuinely interested in.

Equally, a lot of Katniss’s goals and beliefs are also more influenced by her situation than her personality. She wants to keep her family from starving, she wants to protect her younger sister, she wants to go back home to her family – but these are by no means unique to her character. Katniss rarely sees beyond her immediate situation, and even before she is dragged into the Games, she has no goals of her own beyond survival. While this could be a product of her hand-to-mouth existence, I don’t think this is the case: poverty doesn’t prevent people from having their own goals, beliefs and interests.


oh my god she's going to kill me
She’s going to kill me (image:


  1. Is her character consistent? Do her personality or skills change as the plot demands?

On the whole, Katniss is a pretty consistent character. She wants the same things all throughout the novels: to keep the people she cares about safe. From the very first page, she’s established as being a very good hunter, and her tracking, archery and general survival skills stay develop at a steady pace right throughout the novels. Crucially, she doesn’t forget how to use a bow and arrow so she can be conveniently saved by a love interest, so that’s another point for Katniss.



  1. Can you describe her in one short sentence without mentioning her love life, her physical appearance, or the words ‘strong female character’?

A smart, capable survivor determined to fight back against an oppressive government and keep her family safe.



  1. Does she make decisions that aren’t influenced by her love life?

This is another slightly tricky question, because Katniss’s love life is pretty much what guarantees her survival in the first Hunger Games. She fakes a relationship with Peeta to win over her audience, but soon she starts to think that she might actually be developing feelings for him. To top it all off, she might also have feelings for her childhood friend, Gale, forcing her into a spectacularly uncertain love triangle that she spends most of the series agonising over. This is only complicated by the fact that in the movies, Gale is played by Liam Hemsworth.

Exhibit A.
Exhibit A. (image:

However, while she does spend a fair amount of time dithering over boys, the majority of her decisions do not take her love life into account. When Gale asks her to run away with him she turns him down, afraid of what might happen to her family. When she fakes her relationship with Peeta, she’s doing it because she knows it’ll get her donations from sponsors, making her chances of getting back home that much better. Most of Katniss’s decisions are motivated by survival, and while this can get a little problematic, this does mean that she passes this round.



  1. Does she develop over the course of the story?

Katniss does grow and develop throughout the series. The most basic elements of her character remain constant – she’s a survivor right up until the final page – but other parts of her personality do change throughout the novels. After her ordeal in the Games, she becomes more emotionally closed-off and develops PTSD – a very realistic character development for someone in her situation. She also becomes stronger and gains a better understanding of her mother, leading to a better relationship between them.



  1. Does she have a weakness?

Katniss has a few major weaknesses, all of which contribute to making her a realistic, well-rounded character. She can’t deal with injuries; they make her feel sick. She can be very rash, making snap decisions that don’t always work out for her and her allies. She pushes people away more than once, and often expects them to act like nothing has happened, making her personal relationships very difficult. These are realistic, well-written and consistent weaknesses that she has to deal with throughout all three novels, so she passes this round with flying colours.



  1. Does she influence the plot (without getting captured or killed)?

I touched on this one earlier, but now I’m going to go into a little bit more detail, so get your analysis hats on.

Its just for the hat, I promise (image: BBC)

Katniss’s actions definitely influence the plot, but those actions are in turn influenced by her situation. She volunteers to save her sister from the arena and does her best to survive, but she’s constantly aware that she has to keep playing within the Capitol’s boundaries. Her actions are therefore dictated by the Capitol whether she wants them to be or not, and this is continued when she moves to District 13. The only times she really challenges this is when she threatens the Capitol to commit suicide at the end of the first book, and when she assassinates Alma Coin at the end of the third. However, these actions are undermined by the way that the other characters treat them: in both cases, her actions are dismissed on the grounds that she was mentally unstable when she committed them. This really undermines Katniss’s own agency. When she spends so much of the novel being manipulated by other characters, are her decisions really her own?

This is a really complex situation that brings up all sorts of interesting questions about the nature of free will (which is a real testament to Suzanne Collins’ writing), and I could happily spend all day talking about this, but then I wouldn’t get anything done. With that in mind, I’m going to award Katniss a half-point for her moments of rebellion and get back to avoiding my enormous pile of laundry.



  1. How does she relate to stereotypes about gender?

Katniss smashes stereotypes about women into tiny little pieces, and it makes me so happy. She’s a teenage girl who’s uninterested in fashion, the main breadwinner for her family, and an active political player – a far cry from the traditional roles for women. She’s utterly her own person, and that is wonderful.

However, this does fall down in the epilogue, where she is married to Peeta and has two children. Throughout most of the novels, Katniss has been adamant that she does not want children, as she worries that they will be put through the same ordeal as her. She’s expressed no interest in leading a traditional family life, and has spent most of the series openly rebelling against the Capitol’s plan to force her to do so. It’s not that unreasonable to suppose that after the Hunger Games were abolished Katniss’s beliefs changed, but it would have been nice to actually see some of this development as opposed to simply being told that’s what happened.

That being said, the Hunger Games epilogue is less than 400 words long, so the point goes to Katniss.



  1. How does she relate to other female characters?

Katniss has many different kinds of relationships with many different female characters, which is part of what makes her such an interesting character. She has a very protective attitude to her younger sister and Rue, a wary and suspicious attitude to Alma Coin, and a very rich and complex relationship with her mother, who she loves, resents, and eventually comes to understand.

You don’t always get a wide range of female characters in dystopian fiction. If there’s only one significant character representing half the Earth’s population, all sorts of attitudes about what it means to be a woman can get projected onto them. Crucially, this does not happen in The Hunger Games. Because there is such a wide range of female characters, no-one among them is asked to represent their entire gender, and the characters are that much richer for it.



Katniss Everdeen is a well-rounded character that develops over the course of her own story. While she lacks agency, she has depth, strengths and weaknesses. She is not solely motivated by her love life, nor is her character built from lego-brick stereotypes about women or teenage girls. All in all, she’s a great character, and she’s certainly passed my test.

Next week, I’ll be looking at the world of Harry Potter. Hermione Granger, I’m coming for you.

12 thoughts on “Strong Female Characters: Katniss Everdeen”

  1. I’m confused about the gender-related stereotypes question, is it supposed to be a good thing that a female character is not interested in girly things and doesn’t want a family? In other words, a girl must act all macho?

    1. The reason I included the gender stereotypes question is to see whether the character in question is more than a collection of cliches. It’s perfectly fine for a character to be girly, feminine, to want a family etc. as long as that’s not all there is to her character. It’s really looking at whether established gender stereotypes completely dominate a character or whether they’re more well-rounded.

    1. You’re right, it doesn’t – but I’m really looking at strength in the way the characters are written. Katniss’s more traditionally masculine attributes are some solid aspects of a well-developed personality. Equally, when she gooses to have children after saying she only had them because Peeta wanted them – and after spending three books against the idea – that’s pretty out of character for her.

  2. I think Katniss is a bit of an inconsistent character, particularly in book 3 with her PTSD. Readers usually like her in the first 2 books but there are mixed reactions to her character in book 3, which make me think she’s not really that consistent.

    1. Actually, I think it’s pretty realistic given how much she loves and values Prue. It’s difficult to write a mental breakdown with consistency but I think the elements are there – when you look at Katniss’s tendency to repress everything rather than deal with it, her lashing out at people and the incredibly brutal decisions she has to make, I didn’t think it was that far-fetched.

      It was more the children thing that bothered me – she always seemed so set in her convictions not to have kids.

  3. Hi Jo,
    I just finished Hunger Games trilogy a while ago so now it seems like a good time to read through your Katniss post and comment on it. Here are my additional thoughts on top of your excellent post:

    Katniss’ hobbies – I believe her time off hunting IS her hobby and she even said explicitly that she was only really happy when she was illegally hunting with Gale in the woods. It’s not really driven by survival considering that she was still doing the same thing in Catching Fire after she became a victor and swimming with money and just before the epilogue after she moved back into District 12 with Peeta.

    Katniss’ beliefs and goals – I think her goal based on her personality is to keep her loved one alive and well no matter what the cost is to herself. In book 1 it’s Prim, in book 2 after the Quarter Quell announcement it’s Peeta even at the cost of sacrificing herself. I feel pretty much all of her thoughts after the announcement and in the arena is working towards that goal.

    I think she should get half a point for question 2 as a result.

    Katniss’ weaknesses – I think another weakness is how she could make rather bad decisions in fights that could be fatal for her. A good example of that is during the feast in book 1 – she should have tried to shoot Clove first instead of getting distracted with the backpack than she might not have got hit with that knife that could have killed her and when Thresh yanked Clove off her she really should have tried to run.

    Katniss’ influence on the plot:
    “Her actions are therefore dictated by the Capitol whether she wants them to be or not, and this is continued when she moves to District 13. The only times she really challenges this is when she threatens the Capitol to commit suicide at the end of the first book, and when she assassinates Alma Coin at the end of the third.”

    I think there are a few other moments of notice that are really important though: at the end of CF instead when she saw Beetee was injured, she finished the job of destroying the arena instead of shooting at Enobaria after remembering her mentor’s comment about how the real enemy is. Then in book 3 she decided to become the mockingjay and negotiated with Coin for the other victors’ immunity, in district 2 the way she tried to help out that escapee from the Nuts’ explosion and the rallying speech that convinced district 2 capitalist loyalists to join the rebellion, her decision to become a frontline soldier instead of sitting back waiting for the capital surrender despite having to undergo weeks of gruelling trainings, etc.

    As for her decision to have children despite earlier reservations, I think it’s more a result of the passage of time since the epilogue said it took Peeta 15 years to convince her which is a very long time and I am guessing the decision also has to do with the fact that her children would no longer be subject to the terror of the Capital and the Hunger Games which was a major reason for her earlier thoughts to not have a family but I agree it might be better for the book to make these thoughts more explicit.

    1. Thanks for your thoughts! You’ve certainly raised some interesting points. I still stand by what I said, though, particularly about Katniss having children. After reading the entire trilogy I was left with the impression that Katniss didn’t want to have children because she felt her experiences would’ve made her a bad parent, so for her to have children in the epilogue was a bit of a shock. Also, the idea that women can be ‘persuaded’ to have children is a really old-fashioned one that still pops up today. I just couldn’t picture that happening to someone as determined and strong-willed as Katniss, which was part of the reason I disliked the ending so much.

      1. I see where you are coming from now especially about Katniss being persuaded to have children.

        I think though the main reason for Katniss’ decision to abstain from raising a family before was the terrible society they lived in and she didn’t want her future children to grow up to suffer the same things she did. When they achieved freedom from tyranny at the end, that reason is no longer relevant so that removed the disincentive for her to have children. However I do agree like you said it would be better for Katniss’ reasons to be told more clearly to the reader.

        I agree the epilogue isn’t perfect for reasons already discussed, but I do like how it describes Katniss and Peeta’s continuous struggles to overcome the horrors of the past and try to move on. This in my view already makes it a lot more realistic than lots of other epilogues like the Harry Potter (the “all is well” line for example).

  4. I think that her having children in the epilogue doesn’t really take away from her being a strong character. There are so many strong mothers. She might have changed her mind and developed as a person too, which makes her agree to children. Also, I don’t think that wanting to be girly or feminine is worse than wanting to be strong and fierce. A woman can be feminine and fierce at the same time. Portraying her quality of not wanting to be traditionally feminine as better than accepting traditional femininity is rather problematic.

    1. Those are all good points, but to address your point about children specifically, the reason why I flagged that was because it’s a very common idea that when women say they don’t want children they don’t really mean it. Obviously we all know this isn’t true and people are allowed to change their minds about having children in real life. However when this comes from Katniss, who repeatedly said she didn’t want children, it’s really hard to take this at face value when so many ‘happily ever after’ type endings for female characters often end up with them having kids. Without seeing how she changes and develops as a person, we don’t really get to see if this is something that she truly wants, or whether this is just a part of an HEA ending which female characters are just kind of expected to have.

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